1955.0003.004 Pocketbook, view 1
  • 1955.0003.004 Pocketbook, view 1
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  • Category:

    Textiles (Needlework)

  • Creator (Role):

    Mary Wright Alsop (Maker or owner)

  • Place of Origin:

    Middletown, Connecticut, United States, North America

  • Date:


  • Materials:

    Silk; Wool; Canvas; Cardboard

  • Techniques:

    Embroidered, Woven (plain), Sewn, Canvaswork

  • Museum Object Number:


  • Complete Details

Object Number


Object Name



Textiles (Needlework)

Credit Line/Donor

Gift of Henry Francis du Pont

Creator (Role)

Mary Wright Alsop (Maker or owner)
Mary Wright Alsop was born in Middletown, Connecticut in 1740. She was the only child of Joseph Wright (1704-1775) and Hanah Gilbert Wright (1718-1804). Her father was a prosperous farmer and brickyard owner. An only child, she received an education at Sarah Osborn's School in Newport, Rhode Island in 1754. Mary married Richard Alsop (1726-1776), also of Middletown, on April 27, 1760. Richard, from a wealthy New York family, developed a successful business as a Middletown-based West Indies merchant. Mary gave birth to ten children during their 16-year marriage, eight of which survived past infancy. Richard died unexpectedly at the age of 50, in 1776. Richard had made Mary sole administratrix of his vast estate, which took 14 years to settle. Enslaved labor afforded Mary Wright Alsop the time to produce ornamental needlework throughout her adult life. In 1792 Mary sat for a portrait by Ralph Earl, a carte-de-visite of which (1955.0003.021) forms part of the Alsop needlework collection at Winterthur. Mary died in 1829 in Middletown at the age of 89. Mary’s embroideries and knitted objects survive in several museums and private collections.

Place of Origin

Middletown, Connecticut, United States, North America



Mark or Signature or Inscription or Label

1. Signature; on pocketbook; "Mary + Alsop * 1774 *" (embroidered)
2. Label; Inside ; "55.3.4" (ink)
3. Label; Sewn on tag; "55.3.4 / K-6" (graphite)
4. Inscription; Paper inside; "Needle Book of / Mary Alsop / 1774 / 55.3.4 / No. 81" (graphite and ink)


Silk; Wool; Canvas; Cardboard


Embroidered, Woven (plain), Sewn, Canvaswork

Construction Description


Dimensions (inches)

3.5 (H) , 5.75 (W)

Dimensions (centimeters)

8.89 (H) , 14.605 (W)

Measurement Notes

Height is closed.

Object Description

Web - 10/13/2014

Mary Alsop was left a wealthy widow with a large family when her husband died in 1776. A skilled needlewoman, in later life she knit and embroidered pocketbooks and reticules (drawstring bags) as gifts for her children and grandchildren. On many she inscribed her name, her age at the time of making, and the name of the recipient. Clearly her grandchildren did not visit as often as she would have liked, as she wrote to one grandson: "I send you a Purse which I knit for you sometime ago, hoping to have the satisfaction of giving it to you myself. Receive it as a small testimony of my affection." This particular pocketbook was worked in the sophisticated and time-consuming Queen's stitch.

Bibliography and Bibliographic Notes

[Journal] Krueger, Glee. "A Middletown Cameo: Mary Wright Alsop and Her Needlework.". Connecticut Historical Society Museum & Library Vol. 52, No.3-4 Summer/Fall 1987
Published: pp. 174-175, fig. 17; pp. 125-137, biography of Mary
[Book] Swan, Susan Burrows. 1977 Plain & Fancy: American Women and Their Needlework, 1700-1850.
Published: p.116, pl. 20
[Book] Swan, Susan Burrows. 1995 Plain and Fancy: American Women and their Needlework, 1650-1850.
Published: p. 148, pl. 22
[Book] Swan, Susan Burrows. 1975 Needlework, An Historical Survey, Antiques Magazine Library, "Worked Pocketbooks". 53-58.
Published: p. 56, pl. IV
[Article] Swan, Susan Burrows. 02//1975 Worked Pocketbooks. Antiques. 288-303.
Published: p. 301, pl. IV
[Book] Fennimore, Donald L., et al. 1994 Eye for Excellence: Masterworks from Winterthur.
Published: pp. 98-99