• Category:

    Textiles (Needlework)

  • Creator (Role):

    Mary Wright Alsop (Maker)

    Sarah Haggar Osborn (School mistress)

  • Place of Origin:

    Middletown, Connecticut, United States, North America

  • Secondary Place of Origin:

    Newport, Rhode Island, United States, North America

  • Materials:

    Silk; Linen; Canvas; Cardboard

  • Techniques:

    Embroidered, Woven (plain), Sewn, Canvaswork

  • Museum Object Number:


  • Complete Details

Object Number


Object Name



Textiles (Needlework)

Credit Line/Donor

Gift of Henry Francis du Pont

Creator (Role)

Mary Wright Alsop (Maker)
Mary Wright Alsop was born in Middletown, Connecticut in 1740. She was the only child of Joseph Wright (1704-1775) and Hanah Gilbert Wright (1718-1804). Her father was a prosperous farmer and brickyard owner. Being an only child, she received an exemplary education at Sarah Osborn's School in Newport, Rhode Island in 1754. Mary married Richard Alsop (1726-1776), also of Middletown, on April 27, 1760. Richard, from a wealthy New York family, was a savvy businessman and became the most successful West Indies merchant in Middletown. Richard became enormously wealthy through his West Indies trade, was also prominent in the Episcopal Church, and became politically influential while serving several terms as Middletown's representative to the General Court, the forerunner of the Connecticut General Assembly. Mary gave birth to ten children during their 16-year marriage, eight of which survived past infancy. Richard died unexpectedly at the age of 50, in 1776, leaving Mary a wealthy widow with eight young children. Richard had made her sole administratrix of his vast estate. Mary's father had died in 1775, and she had no brother or adult son to help her with this overwhelming task, a task which took her 14 years to settle, all while raising her children. In 1792, when Mary was 52 years old, she sat for a portrait by artist Ralph Earl. Five of Mary Alsop's children married well, and made advantageous matches with members of other prominent families, most in Middletown. Mary died in 1829 in Middletown at the age of 89. During her lifetime, Mary was an accomplished needlewoman. Her multiple embroideries and knitted objects, owned by various museums and private collectors, reflect a period of 60 years of her life as a student, wife, mother, widow, and grandmother.

Sarah Haggar Osborn (School mistress)
Sarah Haggar Osborn was a notable Newport woman who taught boys and girls from 1734 until 1776 or later. From 1758 until about 1764, she had both a boarding and day school.

Place of Origin

Middletown, Connecticut, United States, North America

Secondary Place of Origin

Newport, Rhode Island, United States, North America

Mark or Signature or Inscription or Label

1. Inscription; on silk lining; "This Pocket Book worked by Mary Wright / 1758" (ink)
2. Inscription; under flap on silk lining; "This Book / worked by Mary Wright 175[?]". (ink)
3. Label; Sewn on tag; "55.3.9" (graphite)
4. Label; Inside; "55.3.9" (ink)


Silk; Linen; Canvas; Cardboard


Embroidered, Woven (plain), Sewn, Canvaswork

Construction Description


Dimensions (inches)

2.75 (L) , 4.5 (W)

Dimensions (centimeters)

6.985 (L) , 11.43 (W)

Object Description

Web - 10/13/2014

Mary Alsop was left a wealthy widow with a large family when her husband died in 1776. A skilled needlewoman, in later life she knit and embroidered pocketbooks and reticules (drawstring bags) as gifts for her children and grandchildren. On many she inscribed her name, her age at the time of making, and the name of the recipient. Clearly her grandchildren did not visit as often as she would have liked, as she wrote to one grandson: "I send you a Purse which I knit for you sometime ago, hoping to have the satisfaction of giving it to you myself. Receive it as a small testimony of my affection." This particular pocketbook was worked in the sophisticated and time-consuming Queen's stitch.

Bibliography and Bibliographic Notes

[Journal] Krueger, Glee. "A Middletown Cameo: Mary Wright Alsop and Her Needlework.". Connecticut Historical Society Museum & Library Vol. 52, No.3-4 Summer/Fall 1987
Published: pp. 166-167; fig. 13; pp. 125-137, biography of Mary
[Book] Swan, Susan Burrows. 1977 Plain & Fancy: American Women and Their Needlework, 1700-1850.
Published: p.116, pl. 20
[Book] Swan, Susan Burrows. 1995 Plain and Fancy: American Women and their Needlework, 1650-1850.
Published: p. 148, pl. 22
[Book] Swan, Susan Burrows. 1976 A Winterthur Guide to American Needlework.
Published: p. 58, fig. 40
[Book] Ring, Betty. 1993 Girlhood Embroidery: American Samplers & Pictorial Needlework 1650-1850. I.
Information on Sarah Osborn