2007.0031.008 Jug
  • 2007.0031.008 Jug
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Jug (Pitcher (oversized))

  • Category:

    Ceramics

  • Creator (Role):

    Christopher Whitehead (Maker)

  • Place of Origin:

    Shelton, Staffordshire, England, United Kingdom, Europe

  • Date:

    1817-1819

  • Materials:

    Earthenware (pearlware); Lead glaze

  • Techniques:

    Thrown, Printed, Enameled, Painted

  • Museum Object Number:

    2007.0031.008


  • Complete Details



Object Number

2007.0031.008

Object Name

Jug (Pitcher (oversized))

Category

Ceramics

Credit Line/Donor

Gift of S. Robert Teitelman

Creator (Role)

Christopher Whitehead (Maker)

Place of Origin

Shelton, Staffordshire, England, United Kingdom, Europe

Date

1817-1819

Mark or Signature or Inscription or Label

1. Mark; Interior; "W S" stamped incuse
2. Mark; Interior; "W (***)" stamped in a rectangle
3. Inscription; Exterior, below pouring lip; Printed in black "OXFORD./ Wholesale & Retail,/ WAREHOUSE."
4. Inscription; Exterior, below pouring lip; Printed in black, Roman letters "A[M] NOT I/ A MAN/ AND A BROTHER"
5. Inscription; Exterior, below pouring lip; Printed in black "NEGROES/ Forc'd from home & all its pleasures,/ Afric's coast I left forlorn;/ To increase a strangers treasure,/ O'er the raging billows borne,/ Fleecy locks and black complection/ Cannot forfiet natures claim/ Skins may differ but affection/ Dwells in white and black the same./ COMPLAINT"
6. Inscription; Exterior, left of handle; Printed in black, Roman letters "BRITANNIA PROTECTING THE AFRICANS."
7. Inscription; Exterior, left of handle; Printed in black, Roman letters"COME BOX THE COMPASS"
8. Inscription; Exterior, left of handle; Printed in black "Invented by Murphy a Dutchman/ AD1229 first exhibited at Venice/ 1260 Improved by Giora of Naples/ 1309 its declination discovered by/ Hartman 1338" in black
9. Inscription; Exterior, right of handle; Printed in black "POOR JACK. / I said to our poll for you see she would cry, / When last we weigh'd anchor for sea. / What argufies sniveling and piping your eye. / Why, what a domn'd fool you must be, / Can't you see the worlds wide & theres room / For us all, both for seamen and lubbers ashored" // "And if to old Davy I should go my Dear Poll. / Why you will never will hed of me more / What then alls hazard come don't be as soft / Perhaps I may laughing come back. / For d'ye see theres a cherub sits smiling aloft / To keep watch for the life of poor Jack"

Subjects

Anti-slavery; Abolitionist; Merchant; African American; Maritime; Allegory; Masonic imagery; Advertisement; Slavery; Abolition; Anti-slavery; Slavery

Materials

Earthenware (pearlware); Lead glaze

Techniques

Thrown, Printed, Enameled, Painted

Dimensions (inches)

17.441 (H) , 19.606 (L) , 15.118 (Diam)

Dimensions (centimeters)

44.3 (H) , 49.8 (L) , 38.4 (Diam)

Measurement Notes

Length measurement is from the handle to pouring lip

Object Description

Web - 07/17/2012

This lead-glazed, white earthenware (pearlware) jug or pitcher was thrown on the wheel and has a rounded, triangular pouring lip. The ear-shaped handle has a spur near the top and on the interior of the loop. The jug is printed in black and painted with polychrome enamels. Flanking the neck are landscapes with male and female figures walking by houses, trees, and livestock. Below the pouring lip is the inscription "OXFORD./ Wholesale & Retail,/ WAREHOUSE." Below the inscription are two printed motifs. In one a male is slave is chained to a rock with a ship on the ocean in the background and has the inscription "A[M] NOT I/ A MAN/ AND A BROTHER." Nearby, an oval medallion bears the inscription "NEGROES/ Forc'd from home & all its pleasures,/ Afric's coast I left forlorn;/ To increase a strangers treasure,/ O'er the raging billows borne,/ Fleecy locks and black complection/ Cannot forfiet natures claim/ Skins may differ but affection/ Dwells in white and black the same./ COMPLAINT." To the left of the handle, an oval medallion portrays a white figure in robes and a helmet with two black slaves, a lion and in the background, two ships, all ove the inscription "BRITANNIA PROTECTING THE AFRICANS." Below is a compass motif surmounted by a banner inscribed"COME BOX THE COMPASS" over a sailor with a rope and a sailing ship. Below is the inscription "Invented by Murphy a Dutchman/ AD1229 first exhibited at Venice/ 1260 Improved by Giora of Naples/ 1309 its declination discovered by/ Hartman 1338" in black. To the left, are two pillars with female figures on pedestals and a checked floor. The pillars flank a female sitting on the clouds with an anchor below a laurel wreath, all above masonic symbols. Above are three female figures, perhaps meant to represent Justice, Liberty, and Peace, who gaze at a portrait of a man. There are books and a globe at the female figures' feet. To the right of the handle is an oval medallion surmounted by a floral leafy bough and portraying a man holding the hand of a woman on the edge of a precipice while gesturing to a winged figure above. Ships sail in the distance. Below is part of a poem "POOR JACK. / I said to our poll for you see she would cry, / When last we weigh'd anchor for sea. / What argufies sniveling and piping your eye. / Why, what a domn'd fool you must be, / Can't you see the worlds wide & theres room / For us all, both for seamen and lubbers ashored" // "And if to old Davy I should go my Dear Poll. / Why you will never will hed of me more / What then alls hazard come don't be as soft / Perhaps I may laughing come back. / For d'ye see theres a cherub sits smiling aloft / To keep watch for the life of poor Jack". Below the poem is a three-masted ship flying an American flag. The ship sails on calm water and has a collection of weaponry below the water. To the right is an image of a man kneeling with a dead rabbit and his hunting dogs. Above this design a man reclines in the forest with two dogs. On the jug's interior are two impressed marks: "W S" in Roman lettering stamped incuse and "W (***)" with three asterisks, in Roman lettering stamped in a rectangle.

Bibliography and Bibliographic Notes

[Book] Teitelman, S. Robert, et al. 2010 Success to America: Creamware for the American Market Featuring the S. Robert Teitelman Collection at Winterthur.
Published: pp. 114-17, no. 24.
[Article] Margolin, Sam. 2002 "And Freedom to the Slave": Antislavery Ceramics, 1787-1865. Ceramics in America. 80- 109.
Anti-slavery theme and similar figure: whole article.
[Book] Groft, Tammis K. & Mackay, Mary Alice. 1998 Albany Institute of History and Art: 200 years of collecting.
Presentation pitcher with series of American market prints, signed "Enoch Wood & Sons / Manufacturers / Burslem": pp. 258-9, no. 98 (see Notes).