1957.1208 A Fraktur, B Frame, view 1
  • 1957.1208 A Fraktur, B Frame, view 1
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Fraktur (Writing sample)

  • Title:

    Writing specimen (Vorschrift) of Jacob Strickler

  • Category:

    Works on Paper

  • Creator (Role):

    Jacob Strickler (Scrivener and decorator)

  • Place of Origin:

    Massanutten, Shenandoah, Virginia, Shenandoah Valley, United States, North America

  • Date:

    February 16 1794 (1794-1794)

  • Materials:

    Ink; Watercolor; Paper (laid)

  • Techniques:

    Drawn, Hand colored, Hand lettered

  • Museum Object Number:

    1957.1208 A

  • Complete Details

Object Number

1957.1208 A

Object Name

Fraktur (Writing sample)


Writing specimen (Vorschrift) of Jacob Strickler


Works on Paper

Credit Line/Donor

Bequest of Henry Francis du Pont

Creator (Role)

Jacob Strickler (Scrivener and decorator)
References: Walters, "Jacob Stricker, Shenandoah County, Virginia, Fraktur Artist," Antiques 130, no. 3 (September 1976): 536-43; Earnest, Papers for Birth Dayes, pp. 401-3. Not known for certain Strickler was a preacher or schoolmaster.

Place of Origin

Massanutten, Shenandoah, Virginia, Shenandoah Valley, United States, North America

Origin Notes

The Strickler family, Mennonite Swiss immigrants, moved to Shenandoah (now Page) County, Virginia, as early as 1733. Jacob Strickler (1770-1842), of the third generation in America, lived all his life in Massanutten, a Mennonite community on Mill Creek, near Luray, Shenandoah (now Page) County,


February 16 1794 (1794-1794)

Mark or Signature or Inscription or Label

1. Inscription; Top line of text; Jacob Strickler


Ink; Watercolor; Paper (laid)


Drawn, Hand colored, Hand lettered

Dimensions (inches)

12.3 (H) , 15.2 (W) , 12.1 (Image H) , 15 (Image W)

Dimensions (centimeters)

31.2 (H) , 38.7 (W) , 12.1 (Image H) , 15 (Image W)

Measurement Notes

H at left. W at bottom. Chain intervals: 2.4-2.7 cm; 8-9 laid lines per cm.


Left of center: crowned triple circle enclosing a coat of arms, center point of crown taller and topped with a cross


Hand colored with watercolors

Object Description

Text available soon.

Bibliography and Bibliographic Notes

[Book] Hutchins, Catherine E., et al. 1983 Arts of the Pennsylvania Germans.
Published as fig. 240, p. 248.
[Book] Ames, Kenneth L. 1977 Beyond Necessity: Art in the Folk Tradition.
Published on pp. 58 and 115, figs. 57 and 94; p.115, cat. no. 94.
[Article] Walters, Donald R. 1976 Jacob Strickler, Shenandoah County, Virginia, Fraktur Artist. Antiques. 110 (3): 536-43.
Published as fig. 1, p. 536.
[Book] Cooper, Wendy A. 2002 An American Vision: Henry Francis du Pont's Winterthur Museum.
Published as fig. 4, pp. 124-5.
[Article] Evans, Nancy Goyne. 02//1973 Documented Fraktur in the Winterthur collection, Part I. Antiques. 103 (2): 307-18.
Published as fig. 13, p. 318.
[Book] Wust, Klaus. 1972 Virginia Fraktur: Penmanship as Folk Art.
Published as fig. 6, pp. 5 and 7.
[Book] Hess, Clarke. 2001 Mennonite Arts.
Published as fig. no. 184, p. 107.
[Book] Earnest, Russell D. & Earnest, Corinne P. 1997 Papers for Birth Dayes: Guide to the Fraktur Artists and Scriveners. 2 vols. 909.
Published on p. 748.
[Article] Walters, Donald R. 10//1975 Johannes Spitler, Shenandoah County, Virginia, Furniture Decorator. Antiques. 108 (4): 730-735.
Published as fig. 3, p. 731.
[Book] Cooper, Wendy A. & Minardi, Lisa. Paint, Pattern & People: Furniture of Southeastern Pennsylvania 1725-1850.
Published: fig. 1.49, pp. 35 and 236.
[Book] Katcher, Jane, et al. 2007 Expressions of Innocence and Eloquence: Selections from the Jane Katcher Collection of Americana.
Published: p. 299, fig. 19.
[Book] Hinson, Glenn & Ferris, William. 2012 The New Encylcopedia of Southern Culture: Folklife. 14.