Fraktur (Religious broadside)

  • Title:

    Adam and Eve

  • Category:

    Works on Paper

  • Creator (Role):

    George Friederich Speyer (Artist)

  • Place of Origin:

    Berks, Pennsylvania, Mid-Atlantic, United States, North America

  • Date:

    1785-1800

  • Materials:

    Ink; Watercolor; Paper (laid)

  • Techniques:

    Drawn, Hand colored, Letterpress

  • Museum Object Number:

    1955.0095.002


  • Complete Details



Object Number

1955.0095.002

Object Name

Fraktur (Religious broadside)

Title

Adam and Eve

Category

Works on Paper

Credit Line/Donor

Museum purchase

Creator (Role)

George Friederich Speyer (Artist)
References: Earnest, Papers for Birth Dayes, pp. 381-85. Speyer used printed certificates, they include Winterthur's fraktur 57.1220, which is attributed to the Ephrata Cloister printshop. His handwriting is difficult to read and, in at least one instance, another scrivener completed a certificate he decorated.

Place of Origin

Berks, Pennsylvania, Mid-Atlantic, United States, North America

Origin Notes

Speyer worked in Berks, Dauphin, and Lancaster counties.

Date

1785-1800

Subjects

Religious imagery; Adam and Eve; Biblical scene

Materials

Ink; Watercolor; Paper (laid)

Techniques

Drawn, Hand colored, Letterpress

Dimensions (inches)

15.9 (H) , 13.3 (W) , 15.9 (Image H) , 13.3 (Image W)

Dimensions (centimeters)

40.3 (H) , 33.8 (W) , 15.9 (Image H) , 13.3 (Image W)

Measurement Notes

H at right. W at top. Chain intervals (difficult to tell): 2.5-2.6 cm.

Watermark

none visible

Coloring

Hand colored with watercolors

Object Description

Text available soon.

Bibliography and Bibliographic Notes

[Book] Cooper, Wendy A. 2002 An American Vision: Henry Francis du Pont's Winterthur Museum.
Published: with chest 55.95.1 as fig. 2, 121-3.
[Article] Evans, Nancy Goyne. 02//1973 Documented Fraktur in the Winterthur collection, Part I. Antiques. 103 (2): 307-18.
Published: fig. 10, p. 312 and 314.
[Book] Ames, Kenneth L. 1977 Beyond Necessity: Art in the Folk Tradition.
Published: fig. 61, p. 60.
[Article] Mass, Jennifer, et al. 09//2005 Materials of the Pennsylvania German Fraktur Artist. Antiques. 168 (3): 128-135.
Published: with chest 55.95.1 as plate 1.
[Book] Earnest, Russell D. & Earnest, Corinne P. 1997 Papers for Birth Dayes: Guide to the Fraktur Artists and Scriveners. 2 vols. 909.
For more info. on Speyer, see pp. 722-725.
[Article] Pieska, Christa. 1989 "The European Origins of Four Pennsylvania German Broadsheet Themes: Adam and Eve; The New Jerusalem-the Broad and Narrow Way; The Unjust Judgement; the Stages fo Life". Der Reggeboge: Journal of the Pennsylvania German Society. 23 (1): 6-32.
On the Adam and Eve theme on broadsides, see pp. 10-13.
[Book] Minardi, Lisa. 2015 Drawn with Spirit: Pennsylvania German Fraktur from the Joan and Victor Johnson Collection.
Published: p. 31, fig. 2-21.
[Book] Gilgenast, Trudy E. 2010 Pennsylvania German Broadsides: Reflection of Daily Life 1741 - 1890.