Fraktur (Religious broadside)

  • Title:

    Adam and Eve in Paradise

  • Category:

    Works on Paper

  • Creator (Role):

    Durs Rudy Jr. (Artist)

    Durs Rudy Sr. (Artist)

  • Place of Origin:

    Lehigh or Montgomery, Pennsylvania, Mid-Atlantic, United States, North America

  • Date:


  • Materials:

    Ink; Watercolor; Paper (wove)

  • Techniques:

    Drawn, Hand colored, Hand lettered, Woodblock

  • Museum Object Number:

    1955.0037 A

  • Complete Details

Object Number

1955.0037 A

Object Name

Fraktur (Religious broadside)


Adam and Eve in Paradise


Works on Paper

Credit Line/Donor

Museum purchase

Creator (Role)

Durs Rudy Jr. (Artist)
References: Earnest, Papers for Birth Dayes, pp. 343-46; Swank, Arts of the Pennsylvania Germans, pl. 34. The Earnests list Durs Rudy, Sr. (9/7/1766-8/10/1843), and his son, Durs Rudy, Jr., together because distinguishing each's work is difficult and uncertain. Weiser maintained Rudy Jr.'s fraktur are cruder than his father's and thus attributes Winterthur's fraktur 55.37 to the son.

Durs Rudy Sr. (Artist)

Place of Origin

Lehigh or Montgomery, Pennsylvania, Mid-Atlantic, United States, North America

Origin Notes

Durs Rudy Sr. and Jr. arrived in Pennsylvania on October 9, 1803. They lived in Montgomery County until 1806, when they moved to Lehigh County.




Religious imagery; Adam and Eve; Biblical scene


Ink; Watercolor; Paper (wove)


Drawn, Hand colored, Hand lettered, Woodblock

Dimensions (inches)

7.9 (H) , 9.6 (W) , 7.9 (Image H) , 9.6 (Image W)

Dimensions (centimeters)

20 (H) , 24.5 (W) , 7.9 (Image H) , 9.6 (Image W)

Measurement Notes

H at left. W at mid section.




Hand colored with watercolors

Object Description

Text available soon.

Bibliography and Bibliographic Notes

[Book] Hutchins, Catherine E., et al. 1983 Arts of the Pennsylvania Germans.
Published as pl. 34.
[Book] Earnest, Russell D. & Earnest, Corinne P. 1997 Papers for Birth Dayes: Guide to the Fraktur Artists and Scriveners. 2 vols. 909.
Published on p. 658. For more info. on Rudy, see pp. 656-658.
[Article] Wertkin, Gerald C. 1993 "The Watercolors of Durs Rudy: New Discoveries in Fraktur". Folk Art. 18 (2): 33-39.

[Book] Hershey, Mary Jane Lederach. 2003 This Teaching I Present: Fraktur from the Skippack and Salford Mennonite Meetinghouse Schools, 1747-1836.
Adam and Eve drawing by Durs Rudy owned by Ursinus College is pictured on p. 123.
[Book] Katcher, Jane, et al. 2007 Expressions of Innocence and Eloquence: Selections from the Jane Katcher Collection of Americana.
Adam and Eve drawing by Durs Rudy pictured on p. 274.
[Book] Bird, Michael S. 2002 O Noble Heart: Fraktur and Spirituality in Pennsylvania German Folk Art.
Published as fig. 63, on p. 71.
[Article] Pieska, Christa. 1989 "The European Origins of Four Pennsylvania German Broadsheet Themes: Adam and Eve; The New Jerusalem-the Broad and Narrow Way; The Unjust Judgement; the Stages fo Life". Der Reggeboge: Journal of the Pennsylvania German Society. 23 (1): 6-32.

[Book] Weiser, Frederick S. 1973 Fraktur: Pennsylvania German Folk Art.
related example by Rudy pictured on p. 96.